Ne confondez plus Internet et Web !

26 juin 2009

Quotidiennement on parle d’Internet, du Web, de la toile, du net… sans vraiment distinguer un terme de l’autre. Et pourtant il existe une différence sémantique entre tous ces termes, différence qui se comprend avant tout au point de vu technique. En effet, Internet se définit comme un réseau informatique mondial qui permet aux utilisateurs de différents ordinateurs de communiquer et de partager des informations. Même si cette définition d’Internet en tant qu’infrastructure informatique mondial est la plus couramment admise, elle n’en reste pas moins limitée, puisqu’elle ne prend en compte qu’une part de la réalité. Dès 1995 dans sa résolution du 30 octobre, le Federal Networking Council (FNC), définit Internet comme un système global d’information. Cette notion de système est bien plus précise et permet de mettre en lumière les trois facettes qui définissent Internet :

  • L’infrastructure : c’est la notion première abordée à travers le concept de réseau informatique mondial.
  • La communication : la communication s’établie entre deux entités de l’infrastructure en respectant un certains nombres de contraintes (existence de protocole de communication) ; ces protocoles définissent la façon dont l’information sera traitée.
  • Les usages : ce sont les possibilités ouvertes aux utilisateurs par l’existence d’une communication ; ces usages ou applications sont multiples.

La définition d’Internet en tant que système global d’information permet alors de comprendre que le Web, où pour être complet le World Wide Web (le fameux www), n’est en fin de compte qu’une des applications/usages d’Internet au même titre que peuvent l’être le courrier électronique (email), la messagerie instantanée (IM, Instant Messaging), le transfert de fichier de ou vers un serveur (transfert FTP) ou encore les systèmes de partage de fichiers poste à poste (le fameux pear-to-pear), etc…

Plus précisément le web est le service qui permet de consulter des informations à partir d’Internet sous la forme de pages mises en ligne sur des sites et consultables à l’aide d’un navigateur web. Aujourd’hui on estime que le nombre de pages Internet dépasse le billion (1012 pages) ! Bien entendu comme toutes les estimations, l’approximation est de rigueur. D’ailleurs il est a noté qu’une très grande partie du web, appelé web invisible ou web profond n’est même pas indexé par les moteurs de recherche. A titre d’exemple Google n’indexerait « que » 40 milliards de pages.

Une page web peut être assimilée à un fichier informatique multimédia au sens où ce fichier est capable de mettre en œuvre simultanément des médias différents : texte, image, vidéo, son… Ceci est rendu possible grâce à un format de données spécifique appelé Hypertext Markup Language, le fameux langage HTML. Ce langage permet de bâtir les pages web grâce à un système de balisage (markup) et en particulier de relier une page à une autre page web grâce à des liens dits « hypertextes » ou hyperliens. Ce système de liaison entre les pages est à la base du web qui en tire d’ailleurs son nom dans la mesure où la représentation  graphique des liaisons entre les pages peut faire penser à une toile d’araignée (web en anglais).

Ce que l’on sait moins, c’est  que le web a été inventé plusieurs années après Internet. En effet Arpanet, l’ancêtre d’Internet d’origine militaire a été mis en place dès 1969. Ainsi, la date de naissance conventionnelle d’Internet est fixée au 7 avril 1969, c’est-à-dire la date de publication de la première RFC (les FRC ou Requests For Comment sont une série numérotée de documents électroniques décrivant les aspects techniques d’Internet. La première RFC publiée par Steve Crocke est titrée « Logiciel hôte » et concerne ARPANET). Il faudra encore attendre 20 ans pour que le web naisse officiellement  (publication par Tim Berners-Lee en mars 1989 de son célèbre « Information Management: A Proposal »)

En fait, aujourd’hui le web concentre la majorité des usages d’Internet, ce qui a amené la confusion des termes. C’est pourquoi il n’est pas rare d’utiliser les termes Internet et Web/Toile pour parler de l’un ou de l’autre ou d’utiliser l’un de ces termes sans clairement faire référence à l’un ou à l’autre !

11 réponses à Ne confondez plus Internet et Web !

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amiraconst

24 juin 2010 à 18:15

quelle est la diférence entre site web et service web

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Internet, Web, Digital, Online, E-Marketing : le sens des mots « Le Marketing Décrypté

15 février 2013 à 14:31

[...] et « Internet marketing ». Comme expliqué dans un précédent billet il y a une forte différence entre le Web et Internet. Il serait donc logique de faire cette différence lorsque l’on parle de web marketing et [...]

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Loreol

22 juin 2013 à 17:02

Ah oui, le pear-to-pear, le fameux poire-à-poire ? Comment n’y ai-je pas pensé ?

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Différences entre l’internet et le web | Daria blogue...de manière décalée

25 octobre 2013 à 10:20

[...] en plus court : http://www.moket.fr/difference-entre-internet-web/ Share this:TwitterImprimerEmailWordPress:J’aime [...]

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La nuance du jour : web & internet - Blog de L'Œil au Carré | Blog de L'Œil au Carré

21 février 2014 à 15:42

[...] Si vous avez aimé ce billet, je vous invite à lire le précédent sur les médias et les réseaux sociaux. Lire aussi : Ne confondez plus web et internet ! [...]

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goumegou claverie

6 mai 2014 à 09:55

tres bonne definition des elements internet et web

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goumegou claverie

6 mai 2014 à 13:03

bonne explication

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RyDroid

16 juillet 2014 à 18:36

Petite erreur : « pear-to-pear » au lieu de peer-to-peer.

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Marketing online

18 mars 2016 à 10:59

Don’t get me wrong, I love Jackie Chan and his movie antics, but for me, this advertisement went a little overboard.
Because it will those players that realise that their football career won’t end when they stop playing
or coaching. A current hot topic is Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR).

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Shauna

6 juin 2020 à 09:27

Why African Countries have the lowest life expectancy?

There are different reasons; and other parts of the world also have
similar low life expectancy. One reason is civil war and conflicts between local cults and warlords.

Another reason is lack of education, leading to people not knowing how to protect themselves from disease.
Often it is a combination. An example… show more
There are different reasons; and other parts of the world also have similar low life
expectancy. One reason is civil war and conflicts between local
cults and warlords. Another reason is lack of education, leading to people not knowing how to protect themselves from disease.

Often it is a combination. An example is the Ebola epidemic in West
Africa. Civil wars have caused disruption in the education of the people.

At the time, it was harder to get the epidemic under
control in Sierra Leone than in Liberia, because people trusted the government more in Liberia.
Even so, civil war was fairly recent, and so the people lacked education and knowledge.
Ebola is actually pretty easy to control the spread of, even with simple methods and
low technology, if you know how. Very different from smallpox, which
spreads readily through the air.

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EXCURSION A LA LAGUNA GUANAROCA _ Amigos de Cubanito

10 juin 2020 à 21:42

Drawing suggestions comment below? Gov’t is killing you with high frequency electricity.Theotokos Virgin Mary gave prayers to « Schema-nun Antonia » on how best to save aborted infants from hell.
If you pray these prayers diligently, aborted babies are released from hell.
On each painted nail there are 40 demons. Smoking is usually censer to the devil.Using foul vocabulary
calls upon Pagan deities (aka demons); Holy Spirit departs on 7 meters.
Individuals who use drugs discover demons who cleverly disguise themselves as ghosts and aliens.America will certainly be last
country to switch to Euro (antichrist’s world currency).
Contraceptives = abortion;using contraceptives for 12 months = 5 aborted kids.Miscarriages happen because of high heels;
cesarean because of tight jeans (second era cesarean will
end up being infertile).Unbaptized aborted/miscarried/unborn babies burn off in hell for
until Final Judgement; if pregnant, keep carefully the kid and deliver in the home because children are chipped
using IVs and vaccines in hospitals. Dentists and doctors chip individuals secretly.
Ultrasound prospective customers to mark of the
beast; don’t perform ultrasound, please. Abortion prospective customers to breast malignancy; a demon is definitely released from hell for
each aborted kid. Canines may become possessed; don’t keep dogs
inside your home [Pelageya of Ryazan]. Walmart provides technology to manage mark of the beast to those who have cat bacteria in their stomachs; avoid cats [Afanasiy Sidyachiy].

Next false flag is the Statue of Liberty. Above earth there is usually ice (hemisphere);
when rockets rise they bring ice down from upper sky to lessen sky; ice stuck in lower sky will fall on us during
Apocalypse. Earth is toned; earth stands on 3 pillars (the Many Holy Trinity); pillars stand on water at zero Kelvin; underneath this
ice there is a bubble; and then the abyss. Zodiac is usually planetary prison of demons; don’t have confidence in horoscopes or you’ll exhibit the traits of the trapped demons.
Most thoughts and dreams are from demons; demons by no means do good.
Sleep fully clothed; pray the Jesus prayer. Pray to your guardian angel to possess normal sleep.
Vyacheslav Krasheninnikov was the last prophet before Apostle
John (who wrote the Book of Revelation), Enoch, Elijah, resurrected Seraphim of Sarov, and resurrected Sergius of Radonezh will preach against the antichrist.

Humans were made about 7525 years back. Birds
take part in time creation. It’s a sin to destroy birds.
Dinosaurs live under our level; they will get out through sinkholes and lakes; to kill them, choose their nerves.
Save the birds; but kill the dinosaurs. First dinosaur should come out of Volga River in Russia.
Scientists don’t discover dinosaurs under our level because of radiation. Sinkholes happen because people
dig for resources underground and because earth is heating up.
Demons grow individual skin (from a sample used during abduction) and wear it
so as to look like us. Demons will invite people to be healed of their UFOs; those that go will end up like zombies after.
Gov’t provides demons with diamonds and allows demons to
abduct people. If you are being abducted, slowly pray the Jesus
prayer. Don’t panic. Demons use diamonds and souls
to power their UFO craft. The bigger the gemstone, the more it
lasts. Demons possess 4 UFO bases: 1)moon 2)inside artificial mountain Kailash in Tibet
3)in lake Baikal in Russia 4)in Atlantis which is definitely
underneath the Mariana Trench in Pacific Sea.
There are no aliens. Nobody lives on various other planets.

Airplanes that go down are hit by demons because they
want the airspace to combat Jesus. Antichrist is definitely pale with
reddish eyes. He’s possessed by Satan since he’s 12 years previous [Lavrentiy Chernigovskiy].
He flies super fast; deceived people will state: « Christ is here; Christ will there be » when he’s flying
in one city to another very fast. He wears gloves to cover up long fingernails.
He’s surrounded by demons who appear as angels of light.
Antichrist will trick individuals who he can perform mountain shifting and resurrection using holograms/hypnotherapy; fire from the sky is genuine due to pollution gases in the atmosphere.
Antichrist could have food limited to 6 months; then he’ll feed his 666ed people flour from mashed up turtles
(Tavrion Batozskiy), but this will not be enough because 666ed people are 10 times as angry
and 7 situations as starving as normal people even though 666ed people
became shorter (3-4 feet tall = 80 – 120 cm) because nanochips perform function of organs
(organs diminish) [Nilus Myrrhgusher]. For those who have a lot of nanochips
in your forearm, then you will not be in a position to make correct
Orthodox sign of the cross (last mercy for you will be to cut
your forearm off). Nanochips are sprayed by the
gov’t using chemtrails; they’re also in gov’t
food and medicine; therefore, eat food from your own garden. In the event garden is destroyed by ice from the sky, have hens for eggs and goats for milk (Paisios).
Lipstick contains cellular material of aborted fetuses, dog body
fat, and placenta; human being flesh is definitely in McDonalds, Pepsi,
toothpaste, antiaging, anticancer, vaccines, perfume, etc.; that is why you should
not be using anything that modern society has to offer.
You’re better off hiding within a 10-12 people group in order to escape Apocalypse.
During Apocalypse, Chrtistians will consume dirt from under pussywillowtree as it’s filled up with tears of
Theotokos Virgin Mary; this drinking water will flee if a 666ed person tries to get it.
Barcode is certainly Druid dark magic curse; QRcode is Mayan curse;
when food is definitely scanned, it becomes dead because laser is a compound from demons.
Don’t go into a UFO to end up being healed by
demons. Green 666 is given by isotope rays on wrist or forehead when people extend hands to get small plastic material grey card with no name on it (World Passport).
It doesn’t just have to be during this procedure (could be anything you sign up for
or anywhere where there is a secret scanner); biometrics (fingerprints, eye scan) or obtaining picture for passport are very harmful
because they could indicate you secretly. Gabriel Urgebadze stated that they perform it on index finger if they scan your finger.
Basically, try to avoid new documents by any means.
Police can microchip and isotope ray people on highways.
Chipped people will become influenced by computers to take grey plastic
card; but when they do, green indicate by isotope rays is provided
on forehead/wrist. Food shops will isotope ray people as well.
Antichrist will also release prisoners to mark people.

Reject 666 by any means because it leads to long lasting hell.
If you’re about to be marked, pray the Jesus prayer. Conceal with Orthodox Christians to
escape 666; leave all electronics behind in order that antichrist’s minions can’t track you; burn files because
they’re from Satan. The Most Holy Trinity offers you a name during baptism;
devil provides an antiname during antibaptism (ex.

Social Security Number). Individuals who die with these
Satanic documents go to concentration camp in hell to await Last Judgement; once the
BEAST Computer is burned down, souls will become released for Last Judgement.

That’s why you should surrender documents of your
deceased family members back again to the gov’t so that the gov’t
cancels these digital antichristian brands given during antibaptism by
the beast system; or simply burn these paperwork because gov’t could get upset and could send demons
to mark you due to this outright work of defiance. Prophecy from half a millenium ago describes Last Judgement
such as this: Jesus was very upset with people who had small boards (plastic cards) in their hands because they needed discount from the antichrist.
Give to charity in the name of Archangel Michael; he
rescues folks from temporary hell twice a 12 months [at midnight between September 18 and September 19 and likewise on November 20-21; pray at this period on your own knees remembering the deceased by titles (adding "and family members by flesh up to Adam") so that they are rescued if they are in hell] (or brings them up a level, that is, to
a level with less punishment; eventually, folks are freed).
Feed the pigeons; when pigeons bow down, folks are saved from short-term hell.
It’s a big sin to remember the dead with wreaths (because demons put these wreaths on the necks if they are in hell with their hands tangled up behind their back
while hanging by their hands), meats, alcoholic beverages, sweets, and worldly
music. Demons print icons of saints in papers so that you throw these newspapers in the trash blaspheming these saints.
Crosses on soles of sneakers and back again of trousers are
blasphemy. Demons make carpets with crosses and hook them up to sidewalks
in order that people walk on crosses. Handmade cards mock how Jesus
experienced on the cross: clubs (cross which Jesus was crucified), diamonds (four
fingernails Jesus was crucified with), hearts (sponge with
vinegar that Jesus was given to drink),spades (spear with which Jesus was pierced).Cremation is devil
worship; only blasphemers such as for example Lenin ought to be
burned; if Lenin is usually buried, earth will be polluted, and China will
attack Russia due to this.After China attacks Russia, Ruski Orthodox Tsar (proven by resurrected
Seraphim of Sarov) will come to power in Russia;this Tsar will slay traitors
inside church and gov’t; because of this, Russia will be
the only country not beneath the antichrist.Ecumenism = 263
heresies;each heresy leads to hell. In 2006 in Moscow (that is why Moscow will sink),representatives from many religions signed
a record where it says that religions worship the same
Supreme Becoming [aka the devil]. Priests who participate in ecumenism could have Pagans
walking on their heads in hell. Arkhimandrite Antonin Kapustin remaining a prophecy that John the Baptist’s living space can be a church
and it will be blessed by forerunner of antichrist; Patriarch Kirill of Russia blessed this church.When priests pray for current gov’t (rather than praying for future Tsar),Jesus gets
up from His throne and turns His back again to them.
Forgive me.

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Moket.fr est un blog qui traite de Marketing et d'Internet. Plus précisément vous trouverez ici des réflexions, des analyses et des informations sur les tendances web et leur impact sur le e-marketing.
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